The antique furniture store received many questions and answers from many people: Many asked me how to identify classical furniture in the Ming and Qing Dynasties? Today I will introduce you to the antique tables and chairs of eight materials!
red sandalwood table and chair set
red sandalwood is a precious wood, mainly produced in the tropical South China Sea Islands. There are also a few species of growth in Guangdong, Guangxi and Yunnan.
Its wood is hard, weight, and it sinks immediately in the water. No scars, purple black. “The Museum of History” said that “new people are red, the old ones are purple, and there are crab claws. The new ones are flooded and can be dyed.”
“From the photo of the furniture in the color picture, it can be seen that its texture is dense, waxed and air oxidized, gradually evolved into red purple, black purple. The color is deep and steady, with a sense of quaintness. This is Rosewood The most important feature of furniture.
The use of purple arbitrarily made artifacts has been around for a long time. In the Ming Dynasty, Rosewood was favored by the royal family.
Officials from the Ming Dynasty regularly went to Nanyang to purchase, and the royal store stored a lot of Rosewood. Until the early Qing Dynasty, the court made furniture, mostly used in the Ming Dynasty.
In the Qing Dynasty, the red sandalwood was the first of the precious woods. However, after the middle of the Qing Dynasty, the stocks were warned, the supply was interrupted, and the red sandalwood was in short supply. Therefore, the furniture after the middle of the Qing Dynasty was replaced by mahogany.
2, rosewood table and chair set
Rosewood is produced in Guangdong and Guangxi, but the number is small. “The Museum of History” said: “Pear Blossoms (cross-toe) wide (Guangdong, Guangxi) Xixi, a flower palm tree, leaves like pears and no flowers, The wood color is red and purple, and the texture is delicate. It can be used as utensils, tables, chairs, and textbooks.” “Guangzhou Zhi” records: “Flower palm color purple, slightly fragrant, its pattern has a ghost face, also a raccoon spot, also known ‘Flower raccoon’. The old man’s tattoos, the tenderness of the straight lines, the flower of the festival is like a money, the size is wrong.”
Rosewood is divided into new pears and old pears. Old pear is also known as huanghuali. The material is moderate, warm, non-deformable, aroma, orange-yellow, some red-purple, and has a deep and shallow pattern like a raccoon. The finest and elegant furniture of the Ming Dynasty was mostly made of huanghuali. Due to the beautiful texture of the old pears, the craftsmen use the smooth and clean treatment, not carving, to highlight the natural beauty of the wood texture, the rosewood furniture is gorgeous.
The new rosewood, also known as the grass pear, has a reddish color, loose wood, brown eyes, streaks, no luster, and the material is far less than the old pear.
3, Flycatcher wooden table and chair set
Also known as eucalyptus, chicken wing wood, is also valuable wood, produced in the Western Fan. This wood is also produced in Guangdong and Hainan. This wood is hard, Suzhou craftsmen have the saying that “the wood contains sandstone”, it is often sawn when breaking the material, so it is also called “sand stone”.
The texture and color tone of the chicken wing wood are special, and it changes due to the influence of light. It has a dark red color and a heavier purple brown color. This may be the so-called new and old of Beijing craftsmen. The new wood is rough, purple and black, and the texture is unclear; the old texture is delicate, with purple and brown shades, and it is shiny, just like the feathers of ostriches. There are not many chicken wings and wood, so there are fewer handed down furniture.
4, iron wooden table and chair set
Also called iron pear wood, iron chestnut wood. Produced in India and China, Guangdong and Guangxi. The trees are erect and tall, with a large diameter. The texture is hard and heavy, the texture is fine, and the heartwood is dark red. Its color and pattern are similar to those of wenge, but the texture is thicker. The furniture made of iron wood is durable.
Because of its tall tree, the iron wood is also very large and suitable for large furniture. The case of the big squat in the common Ming furniture, the case of more than three meters, was actually made of a piece of iron wood. Tieli wood is cheap, and large pieces of Ming-style furniture use this wood. Because this wood resembles chicken wing wood, some furniture manufacturers often use iron wood to fill the chicken wing wood, or on the individual components of the chicken wing wood furniture, with iron wood replacement, authenticity is difficult to distinguish.
5, Chinese Fir table and chair set
Or written in eucalyptus, eucalyptus. Produced in China’s Jiangsu and Zhejiang and other places, the wood is hard and the color is beautiful. Its lines are like natural and beautiful mountains, and the color is like amber huanghua pear. It is a good material for making furniture. Elm is used more in folk furniture in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The style and production method of the beech furniture is more in the same way as the style and production method of the rosewood and rosewood furniture.
Therefore, although the eucalyptus furniture is not valuable wood, it still has its artistic value and is very popular among cherished people. In the early 1960s, I photographed a Ming-style clear-cut wooden cabinet in a farmer in Suzhou. The shape is simple and generous, and I have now included it in the book of the Qing Dynasty furniture.
6, red wooden table and chair set
Redwood grows in Guangdong, Yunnan and the Nanyang Islands in China, and India is a major producer. Its wood hardness and material weight are second only to red sandalwood. The redwood color is light red, but it will become dark red or black red when it is oxidized by air for a long time. Individuals can also show ink spots. The texture is fine and smooth with a slight aroma and a gorgeous surface.
After Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty, most of the high-grade furniture was mahogany. The use of mahogany to make imitation-style rosewood furniture, the surface does have a pear effect, often chaotic. Carefully identified, it can be found that it has no other features of rosewood such as glittering gold spots and ghost lines.
7, black wooden table and chair set
Ebony is produced in Hainan and Yunnan. Sturdy weight, fine texture, black color like ink, bright like paint, not changing for a long time. Ukrainian wood is small, has no large materials, and has low production, so it is expensive. Therefore, ebony furniture only has small pieces such as a table. However, in the Forbidden City in Beijing, there is a ebony arhat bed with pastel porcelain tiles, which is a rare treasure.
Due to the small amount of ebony and the small size of the ebony, the heartboard of the countertop is generally used, or the frame around the countertop is matched with other woods of different colors to form a deep contrast, or red and black, which is very novel and unique.
8, burl wooden table and chair set
Hey, “the tree is also the root of the tree.” (“Ge Gu”) The coffin does not refer to a tree species, but refers to the wood that is nodulated at the root of the tree or the nodule of the trunk. The wood texture here is special and the effect is strange, and it has always been loved. Elm, which refers to the characteristics of wooden texture.
Elm, also written as a shadow wood. Produced in Liaodong, Shanxi, Sichuan and other places. Different trees have different patterns, such as:
Phoebe chinensis – wood grain is landscape, figure, flower, bird and animal.
Birch burl – commonly known as birch bag, is a small and thin pattern, small and colorful, cute and lovely.
Pear burl – – wood grain is landscape, characters, birds and animals.
Cypress hibiscus – a thick and large pattern.
Elm gall –The pattern is large and numerous.
Maple burl–patterns are twisted and twisted, which is extraordinary.
The coffin is generally used as a countertop, but it is conceivable that the exquisite frame of a table with the natural wood of the coffin will be chic and novel.
The coffin is rare, only see the “Exploration of the Museum” volume ten years: “The past is in Chongqing Yuzi Anjia desktop, long one foot and one foot wide, two feet seven inches wide, one inch thick, full face Huhua, small in the flower Fine grape lines and stems and leaves, the name is full of grapes. “In the handed down furniture we have seen, the coffin is only used for paneling.
Hardwood-made Ming furniture, the longer it is, the more beautiful it is. Because people who like to collect antique furniture, there are many experience, a famous senior told me: use hardwood furniture to wipe frequently. Wipe, rub with a cloth, or rub with a brown tiger. The floating wax on the surface of the furniture is removed, and the wax that penetrates into the wood grain is kept, and the wood is bright and not dry, showing a moist, subtle, simple and elegant temperament.
How to identify the classical furniture in the Ming and Qing Dynasties? He is mainly divided into these kinds, understand these materials to make you better get high quality antique furniture!