Classical furniture, especially antique furniture, is solid wood furniture with enamel structure. It is usually waxed or painted outside. For these high-priced furniture, it is not only practical but not harmful to ancient furniture. A lot of relevant knowledge is required for effective maintenance and maintenance. The antique furniture store today brings you the maintenance of antique furniture.
Mainly pay attention to the following seven aspects:
A: The wet cloth is the natural enemy of ancient furniture. Because the moisture and dust in the wet cloth are mixed, it will form granules. Once the surface of the furniture is rubbed, it will easily cause certain damage. It is customary to wipe the furniture with a damp cloth. Humidity changes cause fiber expansion and contraction, which causes furniture to be deformed or even damaged, and it also breeds mold and insect pests. This is especially worthy of attention. Then there is dust on the ancient furniture. How to clean it? It is best to gently rub the dust with a soft brush and then slowly wipe it with a dry cloth of cotton and linen. If the furniture is stained, wipe it with a small amount of water-soluble or oily detergent. Never use organic solvents such as gasoline, benzene or acetone to clean the furniture surface.
2: Because of the material, the ancient furniture should be placed in a cool and ventilated place. Excessive sunlight will damage the material and cause the wood to crack or crisp. Ancient furniture should not be placed in an excessively dry place to prevent the wood from cracking and deforming. If the air is particularly dry, put a proper amount of bonsai, fish tank, etc. to adjust the relative humidity of the air. The suitable environmental conditions for collecting Ming and Qing furniture are temperature 15-25 degrees Celsius and relative humidity 55%-75%. Under such conditions, the wood has low flexibility, the durability of the paint is high, the furniture is not easily deformed, and the furniture is not placed. In a humid place, in order to prevent the wood from exploding, the drawer will not open. At the same time, do not press heavy objects on the top of the furniture such as the large wardrobe, so as to prevent the door from protruding, resulting in the door closing is not strict; the clothing in the cabinet is also avoiding excessive stacking, and the cabinet door is deformed.
Third: When transporting ancient furniture, be sure to lift it off the ground, lift it gently, and never drag it on the ground to avoid unnecessary damage to it, such as paint stripping, scratching, abrasion and so on. When placed, it should be flat and stable. If the ground is not flat, the legs should be solid to prevent damage to the blink structure.
Rinse with water or use a cloth made of rag to clean the plywood. Do not soak it in alkaline water to prevent the splint from dispersing or degumming.
Five: Ancient furniture should be waxed and maintained frequently. After waxing, it should be done after completely removing dust. Otherwise, wax spots will be formed, or wear and scratches will occur. The choice of wax is also very important. Generally, wax, water wax and bright wax can be used. When waxing, it should be mastered from shallow to deep. From the point-to-face principle, step by step, even waxing. Of course, the most ideal is to go to the professional manufacturers to wax, avoid using alkaline water or boiling water to wash furniture or desktop to place high concentrations of alcohol, banana water and boiling water such as boiled water to prevent damage to the paint surface.
Six: Furniture is wood products, easy to burn, so indoors should pay attention to fire and light. Do not put the furniture in a place where the sun can directly lie, avoid excessively strong infrared rays to increase the temperature of the furniture surface, and the warpage and brittleness caused by the decrease in humidity. Ultraviolet rays in the sun are more harmful to furniture. When the outer layer of the paint film is damaged by ultraviolet rays, it will fade and the surface will fall off. If the wood fiber structure of the furniture is destroyed, even if the lighting is stopped and the furniture is transferred to the dark, the damage effect of the ultraviolet rays will continue to be destructive.
Seven: The repair of lacquered wood furniture should pay attention to the following points. First of all, for the timber furniture that has completely or mostly exhausted the patent leather, the repairer can take advantage of the situation to strengthen the state of wind and rain and enhance the beauty of time and space. Secondly, for the paint under the normal use, the paint can not be stripped and polished. The paint color can be sealed and moistened by a suitable method. Finally, for the lacquered furniture with ash and gold painting, the value of the lacquered furniture is all in the lacquer art painting, which can be used to make up the lacquer color of the lacquered leather with large damage, but in principle, the lacquer painting which has lost the gold fading should not be used in principle. To describe them to keep them ancient. louvremeuble.com.